Mongolia's religious history has been varied and sometimes troubled. An ancient Muslim minority is prominent in the west. Shamanism has always been widely practiced. During the time of Chinggis Khan, religious tolerance included the practice of Christianity, though a Christian presence is not readily evident today. The largest overt religious influence in Mongolia has been Tibetan Buddhism. However, for most of the 20th century, Mongolia was a Soviet satellite. Hundreds of historic Buddhist monasteries were destroyed. Thousands of monks were persecuted or killed. Only a handful of the original monasteries survived. Since Mongolia became a republic in 1991, many have been rebuilt and repopulated. Every small town has a stupa, shrine or statue of Buddha displayed prominently. Many have working monasteries again.
Most of Mongolia is just as God created it: The magnificence of the earth, as it was before
humans interfered with its perfection.